Should govt aid blacks?
Variable: helpblk
Module:
Core
Subject:
Affirmative Action
,
Federal Government
,
Race
Survey Questions
Questions associated with this variable:

Now look at CARD BF. Some people think that (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans) have been discriminated against for so long that the government has a special obligation to help improve their living standards. Others believe that the
government should not be giving special treatment to (Blacks/Negroes/African-Americans).
A. Where would you place yourself on this scale, or haven't you made up your mind on this?

Year Availability
Available in 22 of 31 years total. Hover over a year to see ballot information.
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
80
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
93
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
14
16

Summary by Year
Showing All Years
Code Label
1 Govt help blks
2
3 Agree with both
4
5 No special treatment
8 Don't know
9 No answer
0 Not applicable
1975 1983 1984 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
240 120 136 120 278 74 90 139 104 75 164 155 124 176 76 66 209 125 124 93 150 246
126 151 137 140 204 99 97 138 113 105 146 163 194 173 72 62 147 107 115 117 145 220
311 406 439 420 519 285 278 452 311 333 584 552 591 598 282 278 662 440 405 394 505 608
179 322 248 260 279 172 190 220 189 217 465 443 399 361 177 158 365 253 266 231 293 371
592 527 439 487 485 333 342 374 264 290 581 539 526 492 283 295 565 383 412 447 529 430
40 66 51 39 46 30 36 46 32 30 60 63 70 81 20 12 37 50 49 47 58 72
2 7 23 4 8 4 2 3 4 7 11 10 7 15 2 5 4 7 6 9 7 7
0 0 0 0 0 484 502 0 500 549 981 979 921 921 1853 1936 2521 658 667 636 851 913
Summary Statistics
Valid cases 31381
Missing cases 31085