Contrast between mother and father
Variable: mapa
Module:
Core
Subject:
Religion
,
Split Ballots
Survey Questions
Questions associated with this variable:

There are many different ways of picturing God. We'd like to know the kinds of images you are most likely to associate with God. Here is a card with sets of contrasting images. On a scale of 1-7 where would you place your image of God between the two contrasting images? (HAND CARD AE) The first set of contrasting images shows Mother at 1 on the scale and Father at 7. If you imagine God as a Mother you would place yourself at 1. If you imagine God as a Father, you would place yourself at 7. If you imagine God as somewhere between Mother and Father, you would place yourself at 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. (REPEAT EXAMPLE AS NECESSARY FOR EACH ITEM A-F, SUBSTITUTING IMAGES A-F FOR "MOTHER" AND "FATHER".) Where would you place your image of God on the scale for . . . READ EACH SET OF IMAGES AND CIRCLE ONE CODE FOR EACH.

Year Availability
Available in 13 of 31 years total. Hover over a year to see ballot information.
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
80
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
93
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98
00
02
04
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16

Summary by Year
Showing All Years
Code Label
1 Mother
2
3
4
5
6
7 Father
8 Don't know
9 No answer
0 Not applicable
1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1996 1998 2008
32 50 62 64 41 33 20 42 33 48 36 42 50
16 15 15 23 26 10 14 26 12 28 14 16 15
30 26 24 22 26 12 14 52 29 33 22 30 43
257 353 347 454 372 257 229 325 251 504 231 354 340
86 142 109 126 105 85 77 114 85 158 93 119 102
80 140 123 133 104 93 91 116 104 174 82 139 118
429 732 735 895 720 471 437 522 506 940 467 681 599
0 18 8 21 28 4 8 0 6 20 11 14 66
59 58 47 81 59 41 38 162 54 72 35 50 32
484 0 0 0 0 531 444 158 526 1015 1913 1387 658
Summary Statistics
Valid cases 16452
Missing cases 46014