Favor preference in hiring blacks
Variable: affrmact
Module:
Core
Subject:
Affirmative Action
,
Federal Government
Survey Questions
Questions associated with this variable:

A. Some people say that because of past discrimination, blacks should be given preference in hiring and promotion. Others say that such preference in hiring and promotion of blacks is wrong because it discriminates against whites. What about your opinion -- are you for or against preferential hiring and promotion of blacks?
IF FAVORS: A. Do you favor preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly?
IF OPPOSES: B. Do you oppose preference in hiring and promotion strongly or not strongly?

Year Availability
Available in 12 of 31 years total. Hover over a year to see ballot information.
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
80
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
93
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
14
16

Summary by Year
Showing All Years
Code Label
1 Strongly support pref
2 Support pref
3 Oppose pref
4 Strongly oppose pref
8 Don't know
9 No answer
0 Not applicable
1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
135 183 142 201 84 86 188 133 160 139 173 268
100 127 117 130 58 60 136 87 114 99 130 151
354 485 425 480 249 244 525 349 377 354 475 545
789 1026 1024 933 492 474 1055 686 699 629 814 813
79 117 145 119 22 38 75 65 66 63 67 87
13 22 18 14 3 4 13 9 14 18 16 24
1522 944 961 940 1857 1906 2518 694 614 672 863 979
Summary Statistics
Valid cases 17497
Missing cases 44969