Differences due to discrimination
Variable: racdif1
Module:
Core
Subject:
Inequality Income
,
Poverty
,
Race
Survey Questions
Questions associated with this variable:

On the average (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have worse jobs, income, and housing than white people.
Do you think these differences are . . .
A. Mainly due to discrimination?

Year Availability
Available in 21 of 32 years total. Hover over a year to see ballot information.
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
80
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
93
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
14
16
18

Summary by Year
Showing All Years
Code Label
1 Yes
2 No
8 Don't know
9 No answer
0 Not applicable
1977 1985 1986 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018
528 660 638 416 398 534 407 444 800 735 655 685 304 303 687 466 525 445 567 793 713
759 804 784 519 545 757 568 580 1067 1116 1090 1062 575 563 1215 808 841 803 1049 1020 784
60 66 42 46 56 74 45 53 101 95 119 121 28 37 83 51 55 48 52 67 54
7 4 6 7 7 7 4 3 9 14 7 9 1 3 7 4 9 6 7 8 8
176 0 0 493 531 0 493 526 1015 944 961 940 1857 1906 2518 694 614 672 863 979 789
Summary Statistics
Valid cases 27515
Missing cases 34951