Differences due to lack of will
Variable: racdif4
Module:
Core
Subject:
Inequality Income
,
Poverty
,
Race
Survey Questions
Questions associated with this variable:

On the average (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) have worse jobs, income, and housing than white people.Do you think these differences are . . .
D. Because most (Negroes/Blacks/African-Americans) just don't have the motivation or will power to pull themselves up out of poverty?

Year Availability
Available in 21 of 32 years total. Hover over a year to see ballot information.
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
80
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
93
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
14
16
18

Summary by Year
Showing All Years
Code Label
1 Yes
2 No
8 Don't know
9 No answer
0 Not applicable
1977 1985 1986 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018
836 846 857 539 565 788 562 527 964 926 790 845 435 426 937 651 652 619 730 786 566
434 609 547 393 378 493 399 476 882 902 915 884 425 431 955 615 705 619 890 1035 927
77 76 60 49 55 83 59 72 115 120 157 130 45 42 92 58 61 54 45 62 55
7 3 6 7 8 8 4 5 16 12 9 18 3 7 8 5 12 10 10 5 11
176 0 0 493 531 0 493 526 1015 944 961 940 1857 1906 2518 694 614 672 863 979 789
Summary Statistics
Valid cases 27268
Missing cases 35198